Who does not know the cancer? Are there people who are not afraid to hear the word cancer? Actually, everyone has cancer cells in his body. Cancer is a very deadly disease that can affect anyone wrote. One of them is thyroid cancer.
Thyroid cancer is cancer that occurs because cells - cells of the thyroid gland to be mutation into cancer cells. The thyroid gland itself is a gland located in the neck is shaped like a butterfly - butterfly which serves to produce hormones to regulate the body's metabolism.
Thyroid hormone abnormalities
Hormone production in the thyroid gland that is not perfect is divided into two types, namely hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
- Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which hormone production in the thyroid gland of the required redundant.
- While the opposite of hyperthyroidism is hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland hormone production that is less than the body needs.
Thyroid Cancer Types
Types of thyroid cancer itself consists of four types, namely:
1. Papillary thyroid cancer (papillary thyroid cancer)
|8 Most Important Cause Thyroid Cancer|
The growth of papillary thyroid cancer tends to be slow. This type of cancer can spread to the lymph nodes located in the neck. This cancer usually affects women than men.
2. Follicular thyroid cancer (follicular thyroid cancer)
Follicular thyroid cancer (follicular thyroid cancer) grows in follicular cells. Cells - cancer cells spread through the bloodstream to various organs of the body and attack people aged 20-60 years. This cancer is also growing at a slow pace.
3. Medullary thyroid cancer (medullary thyroid cancer)
This type of cancer is almost similar with follicular thyroid cancer, which is equally spread through the bloodstream, but this cancer also can spread through the lymphatic nervous system.
4. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (anaplastic thyroid cancer)
To avoid involvement of the thyroid cancer then we must know in advance the cause of thyroid cancer. Some causes of thyroid cancer, namely:
1. Mutated cells of the thyroid
Mutation of thyroid cells actually can not be known with certainty, but there is a possibility that cell mutations caused by lack of substances needed by the human body.
Genetic factors are still rarely found in patients with thyroid cancer. But our parents have a history of thyroid cancer was possible that we can develop the cancer or may be the disease is congenital.
3. Environmental factors and Radiation
Environmental factors can occur from exposure to excessive radiation causes cells of the thyroid gland hormones evolved imperfect and mutate into cancer cells.
4. Lack of iodine
Lack of iodine due to a material deficiency, goitrogens and autoimmune diseases. Goitrogens is hampering uptake of the iodine from the blood to the thyroid gland due to substances - found in beans - beans and cabbage - the cabbage.
5. Lack of enzyme
Reduced enzymes in the body causes the hormones that the body needs are not met. Conditions such as these hormones cause cells in the thyroid gland is not fulfilled. Things like this can trigger the development of cancer cells found in the human body.
6. Autoimmune disease
This disease is a disease caused by a disturbance in the immune system, so that when the body is experiencing body will nestle thyroid gland. When the body attacks the thyroid gland, the thyroid gland will be impaired. As a result the cells - the cells will die of thyroid and cause cancer.
7. Graves disease
This disease is a form of hyperthyroidism, the antibodies in the body immune system to attack and launch an attack on the thyroid gland. As a result of this is the hormone production becomes excessive.
8. Hashimoto's disease
Hashimoto's disease is a disorder autoimmune. This disease is the opposite of Graves' disease. In this disease hormone in the thyroid gland is not sufficient for the needs of our bodies. Thyroid cancer is generally more common in women ((MayoClinic, throid cancer, accessed 10-02 - 2015).
Thyroid Cancer Prevention
After knowing the cause of thyroid cancer, then we must also know how to prevented. To prevented disease thyroid cancer is by means of sufficient iodine and enzymes, regular exercise, eating good food such as seaweed, fish, fish oil, red meat, milk, iodized salt and oysters for patients with hypothyroidism and to meet the needs of iodine for our body.