Thyroid cancer is a condition in which the cells grow abnormally and develop in the thyroid gland. This cancer is very rare. If someone is suffering from this disease, the symptoms will be known early and cure included in the easy category. Thyroid cancer is likely to be experienced by people who have reached the age between 35-39 years.
Moreover, cancer is sometimes also attacks the elderly with more than 70 years of age. The elderly women greater potential in thyroid cancer is 2-3 times more than men. The main cause of thyroid cancer is also quite diverse, so too kind. There are four types of thyroid cancer that can be encountered, which is as follows:
1. Follicular carcinoma
This type of cancer usually found on 15% of all cases. The elderly or the elderly are commonly suffer from this cancer.
2. Papillary carcinoma
This cancer is the most common. 60 percent of cases of thyroid cancer is a type of cancer. A special kind of this, women aged 40 years and below are usually the most affected.
3. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma
This is the type of thyroid cancer terjarang found, but it has the highest level of aggressiveness. Cases of thyroid cancer are only about 5% of cases of thyroid cancer ever. People with TB are those who are aged 60 years or more.
4. Medullary thyroid carcinoma
This type of cancer when seen from all the existing cases of thyroid cancer occurs only about 5-8 percent. Equally rare is of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, but this cancer can be genetic diseases alias can be lowered in one family. It is this that makes cancer different from other types of thyroid cancer.
Once we know little about the types of thyroid cancer, we also need to know what are the symptoms of thyroid cancer to be able to handle it from the beginning. How to prevent thyroid cancer can be done when symptoms known at the beginning. Below are some of the symptoms that we must be aware of cancer-related tiroit.
1. Lump in the Neck
This is the main symptom and usually occurs in the front of the neck area and located just below the Adam's apple. Although it is not going to hurt, needs to be watched and kept under surveillance since the early stages of thyroid cancer itself. Perhaps people will think this is just a regular mumps.
Thyroid cancer is basically quite rare display symptoms and even in some cases, sufferers do not experience symptoms. If blisters form that feels alien in the neck and it seemed odd, pay attention and be alert to immediately taken to the doctor. Flavor-taste when a change in your neck as you most likely will not be able to see it.
2. Enlarged Lymph Nodes
Enlarged lymph nodes or swelling in the neck is another sign of the symptoms of thyroid cancer. Actually, these signs do not always have anything to do with thyroid nodules, but the symptoms of enlarged lymph nodes need to be wary of. Try to feel the difference under the jaw.
In general, these symptoms appear when you have a fever and a sore or a sore throat. When the infection is gone, the lymph nodes that had been enlarged will automatically deflate and come back to normal. If you do not have a fever or strep throat but appeared swelling under the jaw, you should immediately consult a doctor because it may be this is a definite sign of thyroid cancer.
3. Difficult Swallowing
The thyroid is located in the upper part of the throat trachea. Cancer growth and development in the section and this condition will cause the pressure to appear on the trachea. Automatic thus, the patient will feel discomfort while swallowing. The difficulty swallowing will make a person reluctant to eat and drink.
4. Difficult Breathing
The emergence of the tensions that exist in the trachea due to development of thyroid cancer had not only makes it difficult to swallow. There are difficulties also during the breathing process which can then be made shortness of breath. If you feel difficulty in breathing where it happened quite often, check immediately for thyroid cancer usually can be detected from these symptoms.
5. Voice becomes Scatter
The thyroid gland is located at the bottom right of the larynx or what we call the voice mailbox. Thyroid nodules that possibility is thyroid cancer can hit at the ballot box so that it will cause a change in the sound. When suddenly turned hoarse voice, while not suffering from a cough or something, this is unquestionable. Change voice which is also accompanied by various other symptoms that have been mentioned above, may show abnormalities in you. The most likely candidates is indeed the presence of thyroid cancer and will facilitate the detection of these symptoms.
6. Neck Pain
The neck would ache with all signs of swelling and lumps there. Not only feel uncomfortable when swallowing, neck pain will arise. The pain usually indicates that something in our body does not work like it should.
If you have any pain in the neck more than a week does not heal, then earnestly ought to be suspected. Pain in the neck with a term of up to more than a few weeks is not normal. To determine whether the pain is nothing to do with thyroid cancer, of course you need to see a doctor to diagnose your condition.
Actually, thyroid cancer alone is rarely enough to cause symptoms of this kind, which is pain in the neck. But if, for example pain in the neck occur in conjunction with other symptoms, you need to start alert. Carry and consult a doctor early on will make handling easier. If indeed you are suffering from cancer, at this stage of course is not too spread out.
7. Sore Throat
If you do not suffer from cold or cough but throat ache, it could be early symptoms of thyroid cancer. The pain that lasts too long and does not heal any need you suspect.
Pain in the throat that longer time to heal and be accompanied by several other symptoms already mentioned above, this is a sign for you to see a doctor. This phenomenon refers to the possibility of thyroid cancer that needs immediate attention. When ignored by thinking that it can heal itself while longer, the potential cancer spreads faster big enough.
8. Cough Constant
Sometimes the cough may accompany the symptoms mentioned above. Constant cough cough sometimes often considered commonplace, especially coupled with the sore throat condition. But this possibility is also not just a sore throat common if some other abnormal symptoms such as we have discussed above.
If it was not because of a fever or flu, a cough that does not heal should be sent immediately. There are many possible diseases associated with this cough. But bumps and swelling of the lymph nodes would be more convenient for you to be suspicious. Examination or diagnosis while still early will help that can be given treatment.
9. Pain in the Ear
Ear pain can experience where this becomes part of the symptoms of thyroid cancer. Usually the pain is felt on the ears is the effect of a pain in the neck. So, going down to the propagation of the pain of our hearing aids. However, these symptoms include rarely experienced by patients with thyroid cancer.
Medical Treatment of Thyroid Cancer
There are a number of methods of medical treatment that the doctor will usually give to patients. Of course this will depend on the already how severe the patient's condition.
Solution treatment is also known as the method of removal of the thyroid gland with two types, ie, total thyroidectomy and hemitiroidektomi part. Post-surgery or removal, the patient needs to take 2-3 weeks to rest and this will alleviate the load on your neck.
2. Chemotherapy Cancer
Thyroid carcinoma cancer type anaplastic greater need of this treatment procedure because the outbreak is already far. In this method, you need to take medication in order to eradicate cancer cells. But of course there are some side effects to look out for, such as hair loss, vomiting, nausea, fatigue, loss of appetite and mouth ulcers.
3. External Radiotherapy
Parts of the body are affected will get radioactive waves. This treatment is not the main but typically only used to treat advanced cancer. The Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma patients who normally receive this treatment with a prescribed period of development and the type of cancer itself.
4. Hormone Replacement Therapy
The patient's body can no longer produce hormones that can play a role as a regulator of the body's metabolism after treatment thyroidectomy. Then hormone replacement therapy will help so the hormone can be replaced lifetime of the patient. Form of treatment is the administration of a tablet and the patient needs to take regular blood tests so that the dose can be adjusted for the sake of monitoring hormone levels.
5. Calcium Level Settings
Once the thyroid gland is removed, it is likely that the parathyroid glands can be affected. Though the function of the parathyroid gland is as a regulator of calcium levels that exist in our blood. The layout of this gland is not far from the thyroid gland, it is indeed necessary care setting so that calcium levels remained normal.
This method of treatment or care aims to make cancer cells were left completely destroyed. By doing so, this will prevent the cancer does not come back after the removal of the thyroid gland. But treatment with this method is not recommended for joint combined hormone replacement therapy or treatment is going to be intractable.