|Causes, Prevention and Treatment of Lung Cancer|
Maintaining health is something that should be everybody's priority. Even so, there are reasons to ignore, such as lack of time, busyness, and more. This causes a lot of people do not realize the emergence of a dangerous disease on themselves.
One of the diseases that often go undetected is lung cancer. In the early days, lung cancer often have symptoms that are quite hidden so not many realize. Knowing the symptoms is very important to prevent and treat lung cancer as soon as possible.
Lung cancer is a very deadly type of cancer and the number of deaths caused by it is higher when compared to other types of cancer.
The disease is more common in adult humans and rarely occurs in people aged less than 45 years. Lung cancer is the abnormal cell growth that occurs in the lungs, an outline of lung cancer is divided into two kinds of non-small cell lung cancer and Small cell lung cancer.
The first type is the type most often affects humans, while the second type is only about 20 percent of the total number of people with this disease.
The lungs have two main functions, namely the spread of oxygen into the blood when breathed in and disposing of carbon dioxide exhaled. Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that occur. Lung cancer originating from other cancer spread are called secondary lung cancer. On this page, the type of cancer that is discussed is of primary lung cancer, which is originated from the lung itself.
Lung cancer is one type of cancer, the most preventable. There are at least 80-90 percent of cases of lung cancer associated with merokok.Pada habits early stage, there are no signs or symptoms of lung cancer are unclear. But then symptoms like cough ongoing basis to experience coughing up blood, always feel out of breath, fatigue without reason, and weight loss will arise.
TYPE OF LUNG CANCER
There are two types of primary lung cancer based on the type of cell, that cell lung cancer (small-cell lung cancer / SCLC) lung cancer and non-small cell (non-small-cell lung cancer / NSCLC). Lung cancer non-small cell potentially four times more common than lung cancer small cell.
Lung cancer small cell (SCLC) usually only affects heavy smokers and spread faster than lung cancer non-small cell (NSCLC).
PEOPLE AT RISK OF LUNG CANCER
Smoking can be regarded as the main cause of lung cancer. People who are most at risk of developing lung cancer are current smokers. Approximately 80-90 percent of lung cancer associated with smoking. Even so, that does not mean every perokokakan lung cancer. In addition, people who do not smoke are also likely to develop cancer of the lungs, although a lower amount.
Besides cigarettes, some of the causes of lung cancer other than inhaling arsenic, radiation and air pollution. Lung cancer is also more common in people who are elderly.
SYMPTOMS OF LUNG CANCER
Lung cancer in the early days often do not show any symptoms, new symptoms are found when the disease worsens. Here are some of the most common symptoms:
- Pain in the bones and joints
- Mata wilt
- The sound changed
- difficulty swallowing
- Face and arm swelling
- Loss of appetite
PREVENTION OF LUNG CANCER
- Stop smoking, not too late to stop this bad habit.
- Avoid as much as possible breathing air full of pollutants
- Run a healthy diet to boost the immune system
- Avoid cigarette smoke around you
Because this cancer can affect anyone, both men and women so vigilant and do all the preventive measures are the best solution we can take to reduce the risk of lung cancer.
TREATMENT OF LUNG CANCER
Treatment of lung cancer depends on the type of cancer. The level of spread of the cancer and the health condition of the patient also has an effect on treatment methods and treatment used.
Some steps that might be taken doctor's treatment of them:
- Surgery is usually performed by doctors if the cancer cells have not spread to the lymph nodes that is nearby
- Komeoterapi, performed when the cancer cells have spread to other parts (stage 4). This step was taken in order to turn off the cell and stop its growth.
- Radiation therapy using X-rays to destroy cancer cells if it is not possible surgery techniques. This therapy is usually accompanied by komeoterapi.
To reduce the problem of swelling of the face and arm, doctors typically use two techniques above are komeoterapi and radiation therapy.