|EXAMINATION AND DIAGNOSIS FOR LUNG CANCER|
If you have symptoms that lead to lung cancer, your doctor must find out whether it originates from cancer or other health conditions. You may be prompted to perform a blood test and follow the diagnostic procedure as follows:
- Physical examination
- X-ray chest
- Computed Tomography (CT) Scan / Sken Computerized Tomografik
Your doctor may suggest one or more of the test tests below to take a sample:
- Sputum cytology: viscous liquid (sputum) coughed up from the lungs. Laboratories will then examine the sputum samples to look for cancer cells.
- Thoracentesis: The doctor uses a long needle to take fluid (pleural fluid) from the chest. Laboratory then perform tests on the fluid to look for cancer cells.
- Bronchoscopy: The doctor inserts a thin lightweight hose (bronchoscope) through the nose or mouth into the lungs. The doctor will take a sample of cells with a needle, brush, or other tool. The doctor also might wash the area with water to take samples of cells in the water.
- Fine-needle aspiration: The doctor uses a fine needle to take a sample of tissue or fluid from the lungs or lymph nodes.
- Open biopsy: In some cases where the tumor tissue is difficult to obtain, direct biopsy of the lung tumor or lymph nodes through the chest wall surgery can be performed if necessary.
LUNG CANCER CHECKED
To plan the best treatment, your doctor needs to know the type of lung cancer and the stage of distribution. Phasing is a cautious step to determine whether the cancer has meyebar, and if so, on the body of any such deployment. The spread of lung cancer is the most common towards the lymph nodes, brain, bones, liver, and adrenal glands.
STAGE OF LUNG CANCER
Stages of Lung Cancer Small Cell
Doctors divide lung cancer small cell into two stages:
- Limited stage: Cancer is found only on one side of the lung and its immediate network.
- Extensive stage: Cancer is found in the tissues of the chest outside the lung in which the initial point of distribution. Or cancer is found in organs far enough.
Stages of Lung Cancer Non-Small Cell
- Occult stage: Lung cancer cells are found in sputum or water samples obtained from bronchoscopy, but the tumor itself can not be seen in the lungs.
- Stage 0: Cancer cells are found only in the innermost lining of the lungs. The tumor has not grown through this lining. Tumor stage 0 is also called carcinoma in situ. Tumors that there is not an invasive cancer.
- Stage I: Cancer cells are confined to the area of their lungs. Tissue surrounding the lungs remained normal.
- Stage II: The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, chest wall, diaphragm, lung lining, or outer layer that surrounds the heart.
- Stage III: The cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the chest area between the heart and lungs. Blood vessels in this area may also be infected. Possible cancer had also spread to the neck down.
- Stage IV: The cancer has spread to the other lung or other body parts and can not be removed surgically.
TREATMENT FOR LUNG CANCER
What treatment is offered?
Depending on the stage / stage lung cancer that is, toward the goal of treatment may be for total healing, cancer control or custody extension of the age or symptoms and prevention of complications to improve quality of life.
The following treatment modalities may be used singly or in combination.
SURGERY IN THE LUNG CANCER
Surgery is performed for lung cancer involves removing the affected tissue tumor and surrounding lymph tissue.
Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. This method only kills cells in the treated area.
Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer drugs to minimize / kill cancer cells. Drugs inserted into the blood stream and may affect cancer cells throughout the body.
Targeted therapies using drugs to prevent the growth and spread of cancer cells. Drugs that get into the blood channel will be about all the cancer cells in the body. Some people with lung cancer non-small cell that has spread can use this therapy.