Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that attacks the kidneys. Kidneys are the organs in the body that serve to filter waste from the blood and turn it into urine. Humans have two kidneys are located on either side of the waist below the rib cage. Cancer usually affects only one kidney.
Kidney cancer mostly affects people aged 50 years and over. In the early stages there are usually no symptoms are felt. In later stages, a person suffering from this disease can feel pain and swelling around the waist area. In addition, kidney cancer symptoms can include:
- Changing the color of urine becomes reddish or brown because it was mixed with blood.
- Weight loss.
- Blood deficiency or anemia.
- Body feels tired.
- Decreased appetite.
- Sweating at night.
- Hypertension or high blood pressure.
- Swelling of blood vessels around the testicles (if kidney cancer suffered by men).
- High fever.
The severity of kidney cancer is generally characterized by the TNM system. T indicating how large the cancer tissue (tumor) has grown, among them:
- T1a (when the tumor diameter is less than 4 cm).
- T1b (when the tumor diameter has reached a size of 4 to 7 cm).
- T2 (when the tumor diameter was more than 7 cm but has not spread outside the kidney).
- T3a (when the tumor has spread to the layer of fat surrounding the kidney or has spread to the adrenal gland).
- T3b (when the tumor has spread into the renal vein or into the main vein / vena cava).
- T3c (if the spread of the tumor has passed through the diaphragm).
- T4 (if the spread of the tumor has passed through a layer of hard tissue that protects the kidneys).
CAUSES OF KIDNEY CANCER IN CHILDREN
- Cancer arises when a child is in the womb
When a child is still developing in the womb, there are some cells that are supposed to form kidney has failed to develop properly. Cells - these cells actually proliferate primitive and form tumors that cause cancer. The tumor will be obvious when the child at the age of 3 or 4 years after birth.
- Genetic defects
As previously described, the main factors causing this cancer is their heredity or genetic. This factor is usually passed down from parent to offspring. If parents never develop kidney cancer, it is possible that her child would be exposed to cancer as well. This is caused by mutations in genes that cancer cells mengontol growth, so that the cells proliferate without control and attack the kidneys.
- Abnormalities in the urinary tract
Children who suffer from kidney cancer will experience a disruption in the bladder channel. This disorder can occur when the child is still a baby and an adult. These symptoms will be seen when the child feels pain during urination. Disorders of the urinary tract can lead to kidney cancer if this disorder affects the kidneys. This is one of the causes of hereditary factors.
- Aniridia in children
Aniridia merupaka a condition in which the eye does not have the iris. This is one cause of kidney cancer in children and is the cause that arises due to heredity.
- Swelling in body parts
One cause of the other breeds is the swelling or enlargement of the excess on the part of the child's body. This will cause kidney cancer in children.
Although the causes of kidney cancer in children is still not known for certain, but parents need to be aware of the symptoms that arise because of kidney cancer in children. The following is an examination of the symptoms of kidney cancer in children.
KIDNEY CANCER SYMTOMS IN CHILDREN
- Swelling of the abdomen. Children who develop kidney cancer, stomach will look bigger. This is because the kidneys and other organs that are nearby participating swell.
- Often feel pain in the stomach. If a child often feel pain in the stomach, should be aware that these children kidney cancer. Pain in the abdomen is caused due to swelling in the kidneys.
- Have a fever. Factors causing the fever is very wide - range. Parents should recognize different types of fever experienced by children, whether the fever is a common cold or fever caused by the presence of a dangerous disease.
- There is blood in the urine. When the child urinate then look no blood in his urine then parents should suspect that the child is suffering from kidney cancer.
- Appetite is reduced. When a person is impaired in any organ in the body, then the appetite will be reduced. Similarly, the children affected by the disease of kidney cancer. Children will lose their appetite because the body difficult to accept food intake.
- High blood pressure. Children affected by the disease of kidney cancer will be easy to feel stressed. This is because the child is experiencing high blood pressure. These conditions need to watch out because it is a symptom of kidney cancer.
- Constipation. Constipation is a condition where a person's difficulty in defecation. When children often suffer from constipation, parents need to be aware of symptoms such as symptoms of kidney cancer.
- Frequent nausea and vomiting. Nausea and vomiting is a common condition that is felt by many people. But if these conditions are often experienced by children then it is certain that the child is suffering from kidney cancer.
- When kidney cancer has invaded, then steps must be done is through the handling of treatment or medication. Here are a few treatments or treatments that can be done to treat kidney cancer in children.
TREATMENT FOR KIDNEY CANCER IN CHILDREN
Operations performed for cases of kidney cancer in children commonly called a nephrectomy. This method consists of several types, as follows.
- Simple nephrectomy. The method of operation is the removal of organs or kidneys are affected by cancer. Kidney else will take over the function of filtering the blood.
- Partial nephrectomy. A method of partial removal of the tumor and kidney tissue. This method is typically used when the other kidney is damaged or no longer exists.
- Radical nephrectomy. A method of removal of kidney and all other organs affected by cancer.
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment method that involves drugs to kill cancer cells in the body. If this method is given to children, physicians should consider the appropriate dose for the child.
3. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is a treatment method using X-rays or other sources of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells in the body.
4. Treatment gradually
Moreover, as for the treatment of kidney cancer by stage, are as follows.
- Cancer stages I or II. The child will undergo removal of kidney tissue, and other organs affected by cancer. The treatment is performed if the tumor is not aggressive. Then the next step is to do chemotherapy.
- Stage III or IV cancer. The treatment is done if the cancer cells had begun to spread to other organs. In this treatment, the radiation will be added when chemotherapy. Prior to surgery for tumor shrinkage, the child will undergo chemotherapy in advance to kill the cancer cells.
- Cancer stage V. In this treatment, the cancer part of both kidneys will be removed during the operation when the tumor cells are found in both kidneys. In addition, the lymph nodes will be taken to determine whether there are cancer cells in the gland. At this stage treatment, chemotherapy is only done to shrink the remaining tumor alone. Surgery will continue to be repeated to remove the tumor in the body as much as possible and if there are still functioning kidney tissue will be preserved. Then, chemotherapy and radiation treatment will be given later.