Spinal cancer is one sub-section of bone cancer, where there is a growing cancer cells and also develops and attack the spinal cord patient's body. Bone cancer is one type of cancer is fairly rare in humans, when compared with other types of cancers, such as breast cancer, colon cancer and liver cancer.
Causes of bone cancer has not dietahui certainty, an unhealthy lifestyle are the number one factor that can increase the risk of esophageal cancer. In addition, the consumption of excessive alcohol and smoking are also other factors that can give rise to cancer of the spine.
Bone cancer is divided into two, those are primary and secondary bone cancer. Named primary bone cancer where the cancer appeared and developed directly in the bone. While the secondary bone cancer is cancer that originates from other body parts that spread to the bones.
The entire bone in the body can be affected by this disease, but most occur in the leg and arm bones.
Here are the three main signs and symptoms of bone cancer:
- Pain. A person affected will feel the pain of bone cancer in the bone are attacked, and the pain will increase when moving. Pain usually be felt continuously until night.
- Swelling. The area around the affected bone cancer will experience swelling and redness. If swelling occurs in the bone near the joints, then the movement will be difficult and limited.
- Brittle bones. Bone cancer causes bones to become weak and brittle. Even if it is severe, mild fall or minor injury could make broken bones.
CAUSES OF BONE CANCER
Before we discuss in more detail about spinal cancer helps us to understand in advance of bone cancer in general, including the cause of bone cancer.
The exact cause of bone cancer is unknown, but the condition is thought to be caused by changes or mutations in the DNA structure controlling cell growth making it continues to grow out of control. Stacking these cells then form a tumor that can invade nearby bone structure or even spread to other body parts.
SOME FACTORS INCREASE THE PERSON'S RISK OF BONE CANCER
- High radiation exposure of a treatment experienced patients, for example radiotherapy.
- Never has a history of a type of eye cancer called retinoblastoma as a child.
- Suffer from Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a rare genetic condition.
- Paget's disease, a condition that can lead to weakening of the bones.
- Umbilitikus hernia disease since birth.
TYPES OF BONE CANCER
Bone cancer is growing at the ends of long bones in the bone active growth. This type usually affects the shins, thighs, and arms. Osteosarcoma can diidap anyone, but the most common is a male aged young teens and teenagers who just turned up, namely the range of 10-19 years.
This bone cancer develops in cartilage cells that attack the femur, pelvis, ribs, scapula, or upper arm bone. Ordinary chondrosarcoma diidap by people over the age of 40 years.
3. Ewing's sarcoma
This bone cancer develops in immature nerve tissue in bone marrow. This type usually affects the femur, tibia, and pelvis. Ewing's sarcoma often affects more boys than adults, ie at the age of 4-15 years.
4. Giant Cell Tumor in Bone
Although most of these tumors are benign, some can be malignant and generally affects bone in the foot (near the knee). These tumors rarely metastasizes to distant parts of the body, but often reappear despite surgery.
Bone cancer is often present at the base of the skull or spine. Usually affects people over the age of 30 years, and men are twice as likely to get than women.
SYMTOMS AND SPINAL CANCER DEVELOPMENT
The most common sign of cancer of the spine is a pain in the neck or back. The pain will be continuous and accompanied by other symptoms. This pain can be only in the rear area, can also spread to other body parts. The development of this cancer depends on the location of abnormal growth. If the cancer causes a small amount of inflammation and irritation, then the pain is usually just stay in the back.
If the cancer is pressing against a nerve, pain kelur diffuses into other parts are interrelated. No matter the source of the pain, spinal cancer cause chronic discomfort.
Cancer of the spine can also cause incontinence. This phenomenon is due to pressure on certain nerves in the spine that serves to control the bladder and bowel performance became depressed. And if impulses are disrupted, can cause a person to lose control of bladder, bowel, or both.
The development of cancer cells begins with the growth of plasma cells, which is one part of the white blood cells in the bone marrow that is not normal. The plasma cells in normal conditions is necessary, because it produces proteins called antibodies.
In patients with myeloma, plasma cell exceed normal levels. Of 5% plasma cells that should be present in the bone marrow in patients with spinal cancer levels can be doubled. These abnormal plasma cells not only exist in the spinal cord, but also on other body parts, and are usually found in the pelvis, ribs, and skull and a condition called multiple myeloma.
In addition, patients with spinal cancer will experience anemia, because normal cells producing red blood cells in the bone marrow replaced by abnormal cells. The blood thickens (hyperviscosity syndrome) can also affect blood flow to the brain, skin, fingers and toes, and nose.
Along with the development of cancer of the spine, a person may suffer paralysis. Depending on the severity of the cancer, paralysis can be isolated to a single limb.
The size and location of growth determines the amount of paralysis, because the cancer can get to the point where the nerves seemed to drop out or lesions have formed at the nerve itself. Myeloma treatment such as chemotherapy is done these days limited to prevent or reduce symptoms and complications, slow disease progression, and destroying abnormal plasma cells. In addition to chemotherapy, stem cell therapy (stem cell) is known as a way to reduce and spinal cord cancer. Cancer is gone it will appear again.