What Are the Symptoms of Pleural Mesothelioma?

What Are the Symptoms of Pleural Mesothelioma?
After a person inhales airborne asbestos, the human body struggles to remove the mineral's needle-like fibers from the lungs. Over a long period of time, trapped fibers migrate to the pleural lining and cause irritation, chronic inflammation and genetic damage.

In 2 to 10 percent of people heavily exposed to asbestos, the trapped fibers cause pleural mesothelioma by triggering genetic changes that turn cells cancerous. These cancerous cells grow fast and uncontrollably, forming tumors that wrap around the lungs.
Persistent dry or raspy cough
Coughing blood
Shortness of breath
Pain in the lower back or rib area
Painful breathing
Lumps under the skin on the chest
Difficulty swallowing
Night sweats or fever
Unexplained weight loss
Symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include shortness of breath (dyspnea), chest pain or pleura pain, persistent dry or raspy cough, coughing blood (hemoptysis) and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia).

What Are the Symptoms of Pleural Mesothelioma?
What Are the Symptoms of Pleural Mesothelioma?
Three in four pleural mesothelioma patients experience shortness of breath and more than half report chest pain.

There are four mesothelioma stages that doctors use to describe cancer progression. For many people, unfortunately, symptoms are not noticeable until the cancer is in a later stage — stage III or IV.

In their first meeting with a doctor, a majority of pleural mesothelioma patients report chest pain and shortness of breath. Patients rarely mention weight loss and fatigue during their initial doctor visit, but these symptoms may be present if the cancer is in a later stage. Some patients develop swelling of the face or arms, back pain and nerve pain.

Asbestos fibers can cause excess fluid to build between the two layers of the pleura, a condition called pleural effusion that’s present in 90 percent of pleural mesothelioma cases. While a little fluid is important, too much makes breathing difficult. The extra fluid puts pressure on the lungs, causing chest pain that worsens when you cough or take deep breaths.

Two layers make up the lung pleura. The outer layer, called the parietal pleural membrane, lines the entire inside of the chest cavity. The inner layer, or visceral pleural membrane, covers the lungs. A pleural mass can develop on either layer and quickly spread to the other layer. As tumors develop on the pleural surface, they grow to form a sheath-like mass around the lung.

Reference : https://www.asbestos.com/
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